When and How Hand Hygiene Should be Performed
-Before touching a patient, even if gloves will be worn.
-Before exiting the patient's care area, after touching the patient or the patient's immediate environment.
-After contact with blood, body fluids or excretions
-Prior to performing an aseptic task (e.g., placing an IV, Preparing an injection).
-After glove removal.
Use soap and water when hands are visibly soiled or after caring for patients with known or suspected infectious diarrhea (eg. Clostridium difficile)
Otherwise, the preferred method of hand decontamination is with an alcohol-based hand rub.
Stethoscopes must be cleaned between patients.